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Последний раз о том, что остается с нами…

22.05.2016

Наверное, школа это то место, где люди в самый первый раз познают себя и окружающий их мир. Это здание превращается во что-то вроде второго дома, где ты проводишь половину своего времени. Это важно, поскольку там люди узнают других, и это по мне и есть самый интересный аспект. Я считаю что знания, это довольно малая часть всего того, что должен человек получать из школы. Знаниям можно научится отовсюду, из книг, из документальных фильмов, газет, в конце концов из рассказов других людей, но вот научится коммуникации, особенно в ранние годы, можно именно из школы, потому что это место и есть центр скопления людей одинакового возраста, с которыми можно начать свои *исследования*. Ребёнок, попадая в школу, начинает учиться общению, а это подразумевает и уважение, доверие, дружба и прочее другое. Ребёнок, словно учится жить в социуме. Но конечно всё зависит и от самого класса. Для меня лично, это место, где можно свободно выражать мысли. Конечно, речь идёт о нынешней моей школе. Здесь можно обмениваться информацией, эмоциями, и проводить хорошее время. Важно не только учиться, но и находить друзей. Друзья всегда интересовали меня больше чем уроки, потому что люди для меня являются не просто каким то кратким содержанием чего то, а целой книгой, и возможно то, что не знаешь ты, можно узнать от окружающих. Тем более те же самые окружающие или друзья являются главным стимулом, особенно в детстве. Если ребёнок видит, что люди, которых он любит иуважает, делают успехи, он не захочет отставать. В школе я научилась не бояться быть собою, не бояться начинать разговор и узнавать новых людей. Ещё школа учит толерантности, но, к сожалению не все это воспринимают. Здесь ты можешь понять, что люди все разные, и никто не обязан быть таким, каким хочешь ты. Это открывает ещё больше горизонтов. И ты начинаешь понимать, кто есть ты, что нравится тебе, и в какой компании ты чувствуешь себя комфортнее. Тем более некоторые друзья остаются на всю жизнь. Учителя по мне являются в каком-то роде воспитателями. Они учат как нужно себя вести, что можно и чего делать нельзя. И в общем-то заполняют пропуски родителей. В заключении хотелось бы сказать, что я забираю из школы друзей, знания, и саму себя. Я считаю, что это прекрасный опыт жизни для начала. И я рада, что мне довелось проучиться в этой школе, хоть и не слишком долго.

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Дружить, но не привязываться

20.05.2016

Хотелось бы начать с вопроса, кто же всё таки друг. Понятие друг воспринимается у каждого по разному, к примеру для кого то друг это тот, кто честен, умён и верен, а для кого то это просто человек с которым весело и он не обязывает ни к чему. Для меня же друг это человек, с которым я могу чувствовать себя полностью естественно, я могу вести себя свободно, говорить о чём угодно, да и вообще не думать о чём говорить с этим человеком, разговор сам должен возникать. Что касается самой дружбы, для меня это слишком важно, чтобы не привязываться. В принципе это возможно, но не для меня. Привязанность возникает вместе с общими воспоминаниями, и если они действительно ценные, то не возможно не привязываться. По сути привязанность и является грунтом дружбы. В ином случаи это как читать книгу, но без интереса, не вникая в смысл, и не интересуясь ею. Связь между двумя людьми удивительна. Она создаётся когда люди впервые сталкиваются взглядами, и сохраняется довольно долго, если конечно люди её поддерживают. Если связи нет, то человек стоящий напротив не больше чем просто знакомый, который исчезнет при первой же возможности. Считается ли разрушение этой связи одной из сторон предательства? Возможно. Что будет чувствовать человек если через долгое время дружбы, он перестанет получать от *друга* то, что получал всё это время? Скорее всего первой эмоцией будет негодование. Дальше возможно интерес к произошедшему, стремление узнать причину. А в итоге обида,которая в некоторых случаях перерастает в восприятие бывшего друга как соперника-врага. Неужели это не предательство, когда человек который был когда то столь дорог, по тем или иным причинам вдруг прекращает общение? И тем не менее перестаём ли мы в глубине души считать его кем то близким? Возможно ли, что под всеми обидами и вопросами, под тоннами возмущения, скрывается всё то же самое чувство-привязанность? И если так, то когда оно исчезает окончательно? Человек существо живущее другими людьми в каком то роде, и приобретающее позитивное и любезное чувство по отношению того человека, который отнёсся к нему хорошо. Так если старый друг однажды вернётся и будет делать шаги навстречу к человеку, и шаги доброжелательные, забудет ли человек старые обиды? Вот и вся суть привязанности. Она создаётся во времени к конкретным людям, и проявляет себя довольно долго, хоты всё зависит от случая и изначального отношения между людьми. Но факт остаётся фактом, что без этой самой привязанности дружба скорее всего недействительная, по причине безразличия, и отсутствия интереса друг к другу в этих отношениях. Следовательно без привязанности дружба ни что иное, как просто общение с приятным человеком. В конце концов дружба это тоже любовь, а привязанность верный друг этого чувства. Дружба и есть привязанность.

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Թեստ հայոց լեզվից

10.03.2016
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Mermaids & Mermen: Facts & Legends

05.02.2016

1842mermaids

With nearly three-quarters of the Earth covered by water, it’s little wonder that, centuries ago, the oceans were believed to contain many mysterious creatures, including sea serpents and mermaids. Merfolk (mermaids and mermen) are, of course, only the marine version of half-human, half-animal legends that have captured human imagination for ages.

C.J.S. Thompson, a former curator at the Royal College of Surgeons of England, noted in his book «The Mystery and Lore of Monsters» (Kessinger, 2010), «Traditions concerning creatures half-human and half-fish in form have existed for thousands of years, and the Babylonian deity Era or Oannes, the Fish-god, is represented on seals and in sculpture, as being in this shape over 2,000 years B.C. He is usually depicted as having a bearded head with a crown and a body like a man, but from the waist downwards, he has the shape of a fish covered with scales and a tail.»

Greek mythology contains stories of the god Triton, the merman messenger of the sea, and several modern religions, including Hinduism and Candomblé (an Afro-Brazilian belief), worship mermaid goddesses to this day. In folklore, mermaids were often associated with bad luck and misfortune. They lured errant sailors off course and even onto rocky shoals, much like their cousins, the sirens  — beautiful, alluring half-bird, half-women who dwelled near rocky cliffs and sung to passing sailors. The sirens would enchant men to steer their ships toward the singing — and the dangerous rocks that were sure to sink them. Homer’s «Odyssey,» written around 800 B.C., tells tales of the brave Ulysses, whose naked ears were tortured by the sweet sounds of the sirens. In other legends — from Scotland and Wales, for example — mermaids befriended, and even married, humans.

‘Real’ mermaids?

There are many legends about mermaids and even a few dozen historical claims of supposedly «real» mermaid sightings. Hundreds of years ago, sailors and residents in coastal towns around the world told of encounters with sea-maidens. One story, dating back to the 1600s, claimed that a mermaid had entered Holland through a dike, and was injured in the process. She was taken to a nearby lake and was soon nursed back to health. She eventually became a productive citizen, learned to speak Dutch, performed household chores and converted to Catholicism.

Another supposed mermaid encounter is described in Edward Snow’s «Incredible Mysteries and Legends of the Sea» (Dodd Mead, 1967). A sea captain off the coast of Newfoundland described his 1614 encounter: «Captain John Smith saw a mermaid ‘swimming about with all possible grace.’ He pictured her as having large eyes, a finely shaped nose that was ‘somewhat short,’ and well-formed ears that were rather too long. Smith goes on to say that ‘her long green hair imparted to her an original character that was by no means unattractive.'» In fact, Smith was so taken with this lovely woman that he began «to experience the first effects of love» (take that as you will) as he gazed at her before his sudden (and surely profoundly disappointing) realization that she was a fish from the waist down. This dilemma is reflected in a popular song titled «The Mermaid,» by Newfoundland band Great Big Sea:

«I love the girl with all me heart
But I only like the upper part
I do not like the tail!»

Another story, from 1830 in Scotland, claimed that a young boy killed a mermaid by throwing rocks at it; the creature looked like a child of about 3 or 4, but had a salmon’s tail instead of legs. The villagers are said to have buried it in a coffin, though there seems to be no historical evidence of this fishy tale.

By the 1800s, hoaxers churned out faked mermaids by the dozen to satisfy the public’s interest in the creatures. The great showman P.T. Barnum was well aware of the public’s interest in mermaids and, in the 1840s, displayed the «Feejee Mermaid,» which became one of his most popular attractions. People paying 50 cents hoping to see a long-limbed, fish-tailed beauty comb her hair were surely disappointed; instead, they saw a grotesque fake corpse a few feet long. It had the torso, head and limbs of a monkey and the bottom part of a fish. To modern eyes, it was an obvious fake, but it fooled and intrigued many people at the time.

Modern mermaids?

Could there be a scientific basis for any of the mermaid stories? Some researchers believe that sightings of human-size ocean animals, such asmanatees and dugongs, might have inspired merfolk legends. These animals have a flat tail and two flippers that resemble stubby arms — traits that may make them resemble merfolk. They don’t look exactly like typical mermaids or mermen, of course. But many sightings were from quite a distance away, and since they were mostly submerged in water and waves, only parts of their bodies were visible. A glimpse of a head, arm or tail just before it dives under the waves might have spawned at least some mermaid reports.

Modern mermaid reports are very rare, but they do occur; for example, news reports in 2009 claimed that a mermaid had seen sighted off the coast of Israel in the town of Kiryat Yam. It (or she) performed a few tricks for onlookers just before sunset, then disappearing for the night. One of the first people to see the mermaid, Shlomo Cohen, said, «I was with friends when, suddenly, we saw a woman laying on the sand in a weird way. At first, I thought she was just another sunbather, but when we approached, she jumped into the water and disappeared. We were all in shock because we saw she had a tail.»

The town’s tourism board was delighted with the town’s newfound fame and offered a $1 million reward for the first person to photograph the creature. Town spokesman Natti Zilberman thinks the reward money is well spent. «I believe if there really is a mermaid, then so many people will come to Kiryat Yam; a lot more money will be made than $1 million,» Zilberman said.

Unfortunately, the reports vanished almost as quickly as they surfaced, and no one ever claimed the reward. It’s not clear what people were seeing, though the power of suggestion and imagination can be strong. Identifying animals in water is inherently problematic, since eyewitnesses are only seeing a small part of the creature. When you factor in low light at sunset and the distances involved, positively identifying even a known creature can be very difficult. Many wondered if it was just a case of mass suggestion, or even a hoax to drum up tourism. Either way, the mermaid hasn’t been seen since.

In 2012, a TV special called «Mermaids: The Body Found» renewed interest in mermaids. It presented the story of scientists finding proof of real mermaids in the oceans. It was fiction but was presented in a fake-documentary format that seemed realistic. If the program fooled people, it’s because it was intended to. As the show’s website noted, the movie «paints a wildly convincing picture of the existence of mermaids, what they may look like and why they’ve stayed hidden … until now.»

The show was so convincing that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, represented in the film, received enough inquiries following the TV special that the agency issued a statement officially denying the existence of mermaids. In a June 27 post, NOAA noted, «The belief in mermaids may have arisen at the very dawn of our species. … But are mermaids real? No evidence of aquatic humanoids has ever been found. Why, then, do they occupy the collective unconscious of nearly all seafaring peoples? That’s a question best left to historians, philosophers and anthropologists.»

Legends of mermaids may be ancient, but they are still present in many forms; their images can be found in films, books, movies and even Starbucks.

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Sharks in an aquarium

05.02.2016

Most people would be slightly scared to get into a tank with a huge shark, but don’t worry, this one isn’t interested in the taste of human flesh; it prefers another shark.

One massive banded hound shark at a South Korean aquarium came to a grisly end when it ran into – or rather swam into – an even bigger sand tiger shark. The beast could be seen swimming around the tank with the tail of the giant hanging out of its mouth while stunned visitors looked on in amazement.

While sharks don’t tend to eat others of the same species when they are in captivity and have regular feeds, experts at the aquarium said that they have their own territory, and when they occasionally bump against each other, they bite out of astonishment.

We’re not sure the banded hound shark would be quite so forgiving.

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Cat lovers

05.02.2016

Jenny White loved her cats. She owned six of them. Jenny spent all her days with the cats. Her friends worried about her. «You should go out more,» they said. «I can’t stand leaving my cats alone,» replied Jenny.

One day, Jenny met a man at work. He was funny and handsome. Jenny started going out with him a lot. She thought he was perfect. Jenny invited him to her house. She was very excited. «He’s going to love my cats!» she thought.

The man walked into her house. He started sneezing. He couldn’t breathe. He was allergic to cats. «I hate cats!» he screamed.

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My favorite writer

05.02.2016

poe

Synopsis

Born January 19, 1809, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. American short-story writer, poet, critic, and editor Edgar Allan Poe’s tales of mystery and horror initiated the modern detective story, and the atmosphere in his tales of horror is unrivaled in American fiction. His The Raven (1845) numbers among the best-known poems in national literature.

Early Life

With his short stories and poems, Edgar Allan Poe captured the imagination and interest of readers around the world. His creative talents led to the beginning of different literary genres, earning him the nickname «Father of the Detective Story» among other distinctions. His life, however, has become a bit of mystery itself. And the lines between fact and fiction have been blurred substantially since his death.

The son of actors, Poe never really knew his parents. His father left the family early on, and his mother passed away when he was only three. Separated from his siblings, Poe went to live with John and Frances Allan, a successful tobacco merchant and his wife, in Richmond, Virginia. He and Frances seemed to form a bond, but he never quite meshed with John. Preferring poetry over profits, Poe reportedly wrote poems on the back of some of Allan’s business papers.

Money was also an issue between Poe and John Allan. When Poe went to the University of Virginia in 1826, he didn’t receive enough funds from Allan to cover all his costs. Poe turned to gambling to cover the difference, but ended up in debt. He returned home only to face another personal setback—his neighbor and fiancée Elmira Royster had become engaged to someone else. Heartbroken and frustrated, Poe left the Allans.

Career Beginnings

At first, Poe seemed to be harboring twin aspirations. Poe published his first book, Tamerlane and Other Poems in 1827, and he had joined the army around this time. Poe wanted to go to West Point, a military academy, and won a spot there in 1830. Before going to West Point, he published a second collection Al Aaraaf, Tamberlane, and Minor Poems in 1829. Poe excelled at his studies at West Point, but he was kicked out after a year for his poor handling of his duties. Some have speculated that he intentionally sought to be court-martialed. During his time at West Point, Poe had fought with his foster father and Allan decided to sever ties with him.

After leaving the academy, Poe focused his writing full time. He moved around in search of opportunity, living in New York City, Baltimore, Philadelphia and Richmond. From 1831 to 1835, he stayed in Baltimore with his aunt Maria Clemm and her daughter Virginia. His young cousin, Virginia, became a literary inspiration to Poe as well as his love interest. The couple married in 1836 when she was only 13 (or 14 as some sources say) years old.

Returning to Richmond in 1835, Poe went to work for a magazine called theSouthern Literary Messenger. There he developed a reputation as a cut-throat critic, writing vicious reviews of his contemporaries. Poe also published some of his own works in the magazine, including two parts of his only novel, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym. His tenure there proved short, however. Poe’s aggressive-reviewing style and sometimes combative personality strained his relationship with the publication, and he left the magazine in 1837. His problems with alcohol also played a role in his departure, according to some reports. Poe went on to brief stints at two other papers, Burton’s Gentleman’s Magazine and The Broadway Journal.

Major Works

In late 1830s, Poe published Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque, a collection of stories. It contained several of his most spine-tingling tales, including «The Fall of the House of Usher,» «Ligeia» and «William Wilson.» Poe launched the new genre of detective fiction with 1841’s «The Murders in the Rue Morgue.» A writer on the rise, he won a literary prize in 1843 for «The Gold Bug,» a suspenseful tale of secret codes and hunting treasure.

Poe became a literary sensation in 1845 with the publication of the poem «The Raven.» It is considered a great American literary work and one of the best of Poe’s career. In the work, Poe explored some of his common themes—death and loss. An unknown narrator laments the demise of his great love Lenore. That same year, he found himself under attack for his stinging criticisms of his fellow poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Poe claimed that Longfellow, a widely popular literary figure, was a plagiarist, and this written assault on Longfellow created a bit of backlash for Poe.

Continuing work in different forms, Poe examined his own methodology and writing in general in several essays, including «The Philosophy of Composition,» «The Poetic Principle» and «The Rationale of Verse.» He also produced another thrilling tale, «The Cask of Amontillado,» and poems such as «Ulalume» and «The Bells.»

Mysterious Death

Poe was overcome by grief after the death of his beloved Virginia in 1847. While he continued to work, he suffered from poor health and struggled financially. His final days remain somewhat of a mystery. He left Richmond on September 27, 1849, and was supposedly on his way to Philadelphia. On October 3, Poe was found in Baltimore in great distress. He was taken to Washington College Hospital where he died on October 7. His last words were «Lord, help my poor soul.»

At the time, it was said that Poe died of «congestion of the brain.» But his actual cause of death has been the subject of endless speculation. Some experts believe that alcoholism led to his demise while others offer up alternative theories. Rabies, epilepsy, carbon monoxide poisoning are just some of the conditions thought to have led to the great writer’s death.

Shortly after his passing, Poe’s reputation was badly damaged by his literary adversary Rufus Griswold. Griswold, who had been sharply criticized by Poe, took his revenge in his obituary of Poe, portraying the gifted yet troubled writer as a mentally deranged drunkard and womanizer. He also penned the first biography of Poe, which helped cement some of these misconceptions in the public’s minds.

While he never had financial success in his lifetime, Poe has become one of America’s most enduring writers. His works are as compelling today as there were more than a century ago. A bright, imaginative thinker, Poe crafted stories and poems that still shock, surprise and move modern readers.